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Gall bladder stones
The surgical removal of gall bladder is called Cholecystectomy. It is carried out in case of stones or blockages in the gallbladder. It is also used in the case of inflammation or infection of the organ.
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Gallbladder stones Removal: A Comprehensive Guide
Cholecystectomy is the process of removing the gall bladder, which is conducted when there are blockages or stones in the gall bladder. The gallbladder is not exactly a very important part of our body. Its primary function is to store bile and concentrate it and finally releasing it during the process of digestion.
If the bile crystallizes and leads to the formation of gallstones, then the individual is affected by the gall bladder disease called cholelithiasis. The blockage might result in inflammation, irritation or infection in the gallbladder as well. Surgery remains the best treatment, provided the patient is able to endure the entire procedure. Laparoscopic Gallbladder removal surgery reduces pain and other complications
1. What is the procedure?
The laparoscopic approach to gallbladder stone removal surgery entails a few simple steps as described below:
- There are several incisions made in your abdomen
- The surgeon inflates your abdomen to see it clearly
- Then a video camera attached to a lighted scope is inserted through one of the incisions near the belly button
- The video monitor aids the surgeon to use other surgical instruments, inserted through the other incisions in your body to remove the gallbladder
During the whole procedure you are put under the effect of anesthetics.
The laparoscopic surgery for the removal of gallbladder stones has several benefits when compared to open surgeries. It guarantees:
- Faster recovery
- Lesser pain post operation
- Shorter hospital stay as compared to open surgeries
3. Appropriate For
The surgery is appropriate for individuals who have developed blockages or stones in their gall bladders. There are certain common symptoms which signal the need for immediate consultation with doctor, to check if you have gallbladder stone or not:
- Low fever
- Acute stomach pain (especially in the right abdomen area)
This disease is more common among women (generally middle-aged and bit on the heavier side) than among men
4. Before surgery
There are a few preparative steps that you need to take prior to the operation. Thorough medical evaluation, blood tests, X-ray—everything should be conducted. Your surgeon might request you to cleanse your intestine by emptying your colon. Take a shower the night before or in the morning of the surgery.
You might be asked to stay at the hospital for 1 to 2 days post surgery. After a laparoscopic surgery you might feel sore for about a week.
6. After care
Stones generally do not recur without a gallbladder. However, patients who continue to suffer similar pre-surgery symptoms should seek an ERCP to find out if there are residual stones or not. There might be a possible bile duct damage caused by previous surgery as well. No special diets are recommended.
7. Time taken
The surgery might take about 2 hours or less.
8. Risk & complications
There might be several complications of this surgery ranging from heart problems, bleeding to infections and blood clot.
The advantage of undergoing this operation is that you have vital source of infection removed from your body.
10. What next
Patients generally bounce back to normal lives after 7-10 days. However, activities would depend on the way the patient feels. Walking is encouraged initially. Other activities like light lifting, walking upstairs, driving are allowed after a week.